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Iron and steel industry's "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" re-layout, urban steel mills will be selectively relocated


Layout adjustment and industrial upgrading will become the main theme of the development of my country's steel industry during the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period. At a steel forum held in late March, relevant persons from the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology talked about the development plan for the steel industry during the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, which must be planned and upgraded.

According to reports, among the 18 national key special plans being prepared and implemented by the country, the “Productivity Layout and Adjustment Plan” and “Industrial Transformation and Upgrade Plan” are involved in the steel industry. During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, the steel industry’s production capacity The development will be carried out with the regional layout of Northeast, North China, and East China reduced and adjusted, the Central South and Southwest are eliminated, and the western region has a moderate increase in regional layout to form about 100 regional steel groups.

The formation of about 100 steel groups

According to the requirements of the national "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" for the metallurgical and building materials industry, the steel industry will base itself on domestic demand, strictly control total expansion, optimize product structure, and make progress in product development, comprehensive utilization of resources, and energy conservation and emission reduction. In terms of the development of key products, the steel industry will focus on the development of high-speed railway steel, high-grade non-oriented silicon steel, high magnetic induction oriented silicon steel, high-strength mechanical steel and other key steel varieties; in terms of technology development, it will focus on supporting non-blast furnace ironmaking cleanliness The development of technologies for steel production and comprehensive utilization of resources; in terms of energy saving and emission reduction, the focus will be on the promotion of energy control system technology, comprehensive utilization of high temperature and high pressure dry quenching waste heat, sintering flue gas desulfurization and other energy saving and emission reduction technologies; at the same time, it is necessary to strengthen the construction of raw material bases.

In addition, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology proposed that the primary task of the steel industry during the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period is mergers and reorganizations. The production capacity of the top 10 steel groups has been increased from the current 48% to 60%, and 3-5 steel companies with international competitiveness and 6-7 companies with strong strength will be cultivated. At the same time, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology proposed to handle the cross-regional and intra-regional reorganization. It is planned that by 2015, about 100 regional steel groups will be formed nationwide, with 4-7 in large provinces and 1-2 in small provinces. At present, there are more than 2,000 simple rolling mills in my country.

While total control is still the main theme of steel development during the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, the steel industry will still be restricted from adding new capacity and simply expanding production capacity. In terms of regions, the Northeast, North China, and East China will be reduced and adjusted to enhance innovation; the Central South and Southwest will follow the development principle of equal elimination, transformation and upgrading; and the western region will need to increase moderately and develop by leaps and bounds.

Urban steel mills will selectively relocate

A person from the National Development and Reform Commission said that the country's future regulation of the steel industry will be based on the overall control of the layout. The keynote of the future industrial layout is: Major projects that mainly rely on domestic energy and mineral resources are prioritized in the central and western resource areas; major projects that mainly use imported resources are prioritized in coastal and border areas, and the environmental protection of urban steel, non-ferrous, and chemical companies is promoted in an orderly manner. Relocate, guide the agglomeration of production factors, rely on national key projects to build a group of internationally competitive manufacturing companies, and develop a group of modern companies with distinctive professional characteristics, prominent brand images, and complete service industry platforms with the industrial chain as the link and the industrial park as the carrier. Industrial clusters.

"The coastal layout of the steel industry is what the industry has been calling for." Among the layout principles, the most attractive thing for people in the industry is the "orderly relocation of urban steel plants." According to the statistics of the Metallurgical Industry Planning and Research Institute, there are more than 70 large and medium-sized steel mills in the country, 20 of which are located in provincial capitals and municipalities, and 39 urban steel mills. In 2009, the total steel output of urban steel mills reached 228 million tons, accounting for large and medium steel plants. 39.5% of the total output of the steel section. A person from the National Development and Reform Commission stated that the so-called "orderly relocation of urban steel plants" means that not all urban steel plants need to be relocated during the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period.

The relocation of urban steel mills is a "heart disease" of many steel predators. Wu Jun, Director of Strategic Planning of Baosteel Group, publicly stated at the meeting: “One thing that Baosteel will do in the future is how to make Shanghai, an international metropolis, need Baosteel more.” A set of data confirms Wu Jun’s worries. From 2005 to 2008 Although Baosteel's output value increased from 127.5 billion yuan to 161 billion yuan, the proportion of Shanghai's industrial-scale enterprises fell from 7.56% to 6.28%; at the same time, Baosteel's energy consumption accounted for more than 25% of Shanghai's industrial-scale enterprises. "Beijing Olympics, Shougang relocated; Shanghai World Expo, Shanghai Pugang relocated; Guangzhou Asian Games, Guangzhou Steel relocated, who will be relocated next?" Wu Jun said with emotion, during the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, Baosteel will face It is not only a problem of development but also a problem of survival.

In this regard, a person from the Development and Reform Commission bluntly stated that not all urban steel mills need to be relocated during the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period. "Necessity of relocation. In this regard, a person from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology also stated that the future relocation of urban steel plants will follow three ideas: respect the overall plan for local urban development; respect the reality of the enterprise, if the steel plant can develop in harmony with the city, there is no need to relocate; choose measures according to local conditions Existence of urban steel mills suitable for urban needs.

It is learned from an authoritative person that the overall relocation that Baosteel is worried about should not come true during the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, but Baosteel's special steel business unit, that is, the original Shanghai Steel No. 5 Plant, may face relocation problems in the next five years. .